INTERNAL SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
By Shashank Srivastava
Existence of the state and state machineries is to offer protection to the people and protect their Human Rights. Human Rights achieved importance after World War II and in India, post Maneka Gandhi’s case, these rights became integral part of our legal system. In India, till now after studying and reviewing the developments which took place in the area of Human Rights, it is felt that protection and preservation human rights have got less attention and importance.
As per various Human Rights laws, states have a duty to protect their citizens from acts like terrorism and naxalism. It is an essential duty of any state to protect individual in their jurisdiction against interference in the enjoyment of human rights. This duty is acknowledged as part of ‘states’ obligation to ensure respect for the right to life and security. State is expected to take all appropriate and required steps to protect the Right to Life. For that, State must put in place an effective criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies.
Rule of Law is an essential part of the Indian Legal System, and many rights are given to Indian Citizens. However, these rights can be enjoyed and would be meaningful only when the society is peaceful. Acts like terrorism and violence can put in danger their rights and lives too. Therefore, in any civilized society, these acts should be prevented and controlled.
Keywords: Security, Human Rights, Terrorism, Naxalism
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