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By Abhishek Yadav & Akshay Gourav

In our day-to-day life, we often come across terminally ill patients that are bed-ridden and also totally dependent on others. Looking at their devasting condition we would probably say that death would be a better option for them rather than living such painful life, physically as well as physiologically. ‘Euthanasia’ is a complex matter; many people want euthanasia not to be legalized in India. There are two types of euthanasia which is even legalized in different countries; however, one type is not legalized in India. So, the question arises, is there any better option than this? How the portrait changes from the verdicts of different landmark judgements by legalizing this with certain rules and regulation in some extent. Some people are of the view that life is sacred, so no one has got the right to finish it whereas another one says that life belongs to oneself and so each person has got the right to decide what he wants to do with it, even if it amounts to death. How ‘mercy killing’ is different from suicide and why only ‘passive euthanasia’ is legalized in India? This research explains about its meaning, reasoning behind the legalization of passive euthanasia, importance of effectiveness of euthanasia and to analyse the status of euthanasia and to explore the role of judiciary in euthanasia.
Keywords: Euthanasia, terminally ill patients, verdict, Active euthanasia, Passive euthanasia


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